For ancient man, Witchcraft or magic is a way of communication with the Gods and Goddesses and various invisible forces. It is the art and science that causes changes in conformity of will using occult methods that produce phenomena that do not occur in a normal everyday way. Magick is the most ancient science and the Witch is a very wise person, at least in his field. Witchcraft and religion often are the same thing in the ancient Hellenic world, especially if we consider household worship, public celebrations, divination temples, and necromanteia. Besides their interconnection, Witchcraft and Magick (same thing in Hellenic) are related to the mysteries, the schools of pre-cataclysmic wisdom, which provided secret knowledge to the initiates. This knowledge was related to Mythology and today is compared with science and theology. "The most impressive characteristic of the most religious texts of later antiquity is the magickal power they breath out. "(Sara Rappe, Reading Neoplatonism Cambridge University Press 2007)

The Goddess Hekate as a Moon Goddess and a chthonic One is considered the Goddess of Magick, from antiquity till today, devotees of Hekate are mystes/initiates of Witchcraft and Magick or if you prefer of the ancient hidden knowledge of the mysteries. In Apuleius's Metamorphoses, the most important text on ancient mystery cults, we see that initiates were magicians and they had visions with the gods and goddesses.

For the Neoplatonic philosophers who incorporated theurgy in philosophy, the Platonic philosophy was an initiatory school. "Because the entire theology of Hellenes comes from the orphic mysteries, as firstly Pythagoras was initiated by Aglaophemos and he was taught the orgies of the Gods and secondly, Platon received this knowledge from them through the pythagorean and orphic books." (Platonic Theology, Proclos, A, 5 25 - 26) In Iamblichu's book On the Life of Pythagoras, we see that Pythagoras had been initiated by Orpheus.

Theurgy and Philosophy are two different methods which lead to the union with God.


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