Livanios is a Hellenic philosopher born in the Hellenic city Antiocheia of Syria in 314 a.C. His family was local and...
In this article are presented the characteristics of the priests of the Gods and the responsibilities of the priest in Eleusinian Mysteries. The Priests of the Gods should be able-bodied, having deep knowledge and venerable so that they inspire reverence and not lough. On the inside, they should be well-educated and adept of the mysteries and every theology because it was their job to teach others the mysteries, how to pray, how to believe and how to do offerings and sacrifices. They had to live a pure bios, be abstemious and sensible. They used to avoid meat and other inimical habits to the health.
For all these reasons people show great appreciation and respect to them and they thought of them that they were ambassadors of the people to the Gods and messengers of the will of the Gods to the people. They also used to prophesy and they were called prophets.
The dressing code was different according to the place, temple and God. Their ritual clothes were bright in celebrations and always clean since the cleanness of the body symbolizes the cleanness of the soul. The ritual clothes should never touch a dead body. Their colors were according to the nature of the God. For the heavenly Gods they were wearing red ritual clothes, for the chthonic (earthly) Gods they were wearing white clothes and for the katachtonic deep dark colors, almost black. By the same way, they were wearing crowns form the sacred tree of each God.
Each God had his own priests and priestesses with different axioms and grades until the follower would achieve a high axiom. The priest and priestesses were different in number according to the place and the temple.
For example, the priests of Demeter in Eleusinian Mysteries were:
The priestesses were
who were accepting the women initiates in the mysteries.
There were other 4 Epimelite (Επιμεληταί=stewards) called:
Klidouchos (Κλειδούχος=keybearer) and they were hanging the keys on themselves, Hieropoios ( Ιεροποιός) and they were responsible for the offerings and sacrifices
Pyrforoi (Πυρφόροι=firebringers) who were lighting every fire needed, Hymnodi (Υμνωδοί=hymnists) who were chanting hymns, Vouthyte (Βουθυται=killers of the cowbutcher)
Propoloi (Πρόπολοι) who were like the servants of the temple
-Torchbeares were also called those who were carrying torches during the pomp and rituals.
Theurgy and Philosophy are two different methods which lead to the union with God.